Many say this is the best hybrid on the market. His 1878 classification included 47 species, reduced to 38 by 1888. [2]Bildgalleri Amaryllis is the common name for these plants, however, it is also the genus for another type of bulb from the same family (Amaryllidaceae) native to South Africa. More recently micropropagation in vitro has been used on a commercial scale. An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. This paper sparked a debate over the next half century, that delayed the official transfer of species from Amaryllis to Hippeastrum. They are funnelform (funnel shaped)[21] and declinate (curving downwards and then upwards at the tip)[22] in shape. [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a … Although many names are used to describe hybrids and cultivars, e.g. [52][63], Leopoldii hybrids arose from the work of the British explorer and botanist Richard Pearce, an employee of James Veitch & Sons, a plant nursery. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. The most common commercial propagation method is referred to as 'twin scales'. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . Leaves will usually wither during this period and a flower stem begin to emerge after eight to ten weeks. (Rosaceae) Autumn Joy Sedum : ... Strelitzia reginae (Streliziaceae) Black-Eyed Susan: Rudbekia spp. The commonest bulbs measure ​10 1⁄2 to ​12 1⁄2 inches (27 to 32 cm) with two scapes with four to six flowers each depending on the cultivar. This involves the division of the bulb into 12 sections and then separating each section into twin scales connected by the basal plate. 2) In 1779 Johann Müller only wrote that the common name for this plant was Belladonna, and that it was described in Species Plantarum. Bot. This name and attribution was first published by William Aiton in 1789, in his Hortus Kewensis. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). [20] Hippeastrum bulbs can be induced to rebloom yearly by mimicking the conditions in its natural environment (cool dry winters). Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. Thus Amaryllis L. is the correct name for the South African genus, not the South American genus (Hippeastrum). Striatfolium. In temperate climes these can be placed outside in the summer, and after a dormancy period, be induced to rebloom inside in the winter. 107), International Union for the Conservation of Nature, "What Do You Say to a Naked Lady? 'Dutch Amaryllis', 'South African Amarylllis'. gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum&oldid=991284911, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 07:29. The leaves are hysteranthous (develop after flowering), sessile (borne directly from the stem or peduncle), rarely persistent and subpetiolate.[19]. is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). Description. [26] In the gynaecium, the ovary is inferior and trilocular with pluriovulate locules. By contrast the generic name Amaryllis applies to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. It was transferred to Hippeastrum by William Herbert. [74] The leaves are also eaten by grasshoppers, and grasshoppers commonly plant egg pods in the ground near Hippeastrum bulbs, which erupt in the spring, covering the plant with nymphs. albertii (Lem.) No common name has yet been provided in this category. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 278264) with original publication details: Amaryllidaceae 139 1837. (syn. Amaryllis fulgida Ker Gawl. Nurseries may list Amaryllis bulbs as being 'Dutch', 'Israeli', 'Peruvian' etc., depending on the country of origin. [2], P.J. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. Species: Hippeastrum striatum (Lam.) This was accepted and Hippeastrum Herb. [67][68] Furthermore, the plant generally releases its pollen about two days before its stigma is receptive, making cross-pollination more likely. These two species were notable for large flowers that were wide open and relatively symmetrical. [52] The genus is thought to have originated in Brazil where at least 34 of the species have been found. The major US contribution came from the work of Henry Nehrling and Theodore Mead, whose hybrids crossed with Dutch stock have produced some modern hybrids, although not matching the European strains. Missouri Bot. [23] The tepals are united at the base to form a short tube, usually with a rudimentary scaly paraperigonium[24] with fimbriae[25] or a callose ridge present at the throat. The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. Plants may be fed with common fertilizers that contain iron and magnesium. A bulb needs to produce large, healthy leaves in the summer growing season before it can send up a scape the following year. Some bulbs put up two flower scapes at the same time; others may wait several weeks between blooms and sometimes the second scape will have only two or three flowers rather than the usual four. [14][48] Although Leopoldia was subsequently validated (i.e., became the correct name), this was overlooked, and Hippeastrum rather than Leopoldia was used for the genus of New World amaryllids. Les liliacées. The technique of plant tissue culture in vitro improves the propagation of Hippeastrum by decreasing the time required to reach the minimum size to start the reproductive cycle, using sections of bulbs grown in artificial media with the addition of plant hormones. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. This section is empty. A number of subgenera have been proposed over the years. [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). There are also epiphytic species such as Hippeastrum aulicum, Hippeastrum calyptratum, Hippeastrum papilio and Hippeastrum arboricola, which require air circulation around their roots,[35] which are in the subgenus Omphalissa. Name Language; Mexican lily: English: Propose photo. Hippeastrum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Spodoptera picta (crinum grub)[69] as well as Pseudococcidae (mealybugs), large, and small narcissus bulb flies (Eumerus strigatus and E. funeralis), thrips, mites, aphids, snails and slugs. Hippeastrum reginae Name Synonyms Amaryllis albertii Lem. Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. Although this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it is widely used by colonising species. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). Amaryllis equestris (Linn. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. [28] Their habitat is mainly tropical and subtropical, though those species found south of the equator, or at sufficient altitude may be considered temperate. The double flowers from Japan are particularly beautiful. Each flower is 13–20 cm (5"–8") across, and the native species are usually purple or red. [30] This 'equine' connection refers to Carl Linnaeus the Younger who had named (in an unpublished manuscript) a West Indian species as Amaryllis equestris, because of its similarity to the African genus Amaryllis. [65] The genus has a degree of interspecies intercompatibility allowing crossing. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Bulbs can then be brought back into light, inspected for pests or rot, and repotted in fresh soil after cutting foliage to about 10 cm above the bulb. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Most of the cut stems are the "large-flowered hybrids", often of obscure parentage, though many are derived from Hippeastrum vittatum (L’Hérit.) Hippeastrum reginae (HPSRG) Menu. (Asteraceae- Compositae) Blanket Flower. ... My name is Sandra, I have a wonderful husband, Joe, 3 of the best children ever, 5 dogs and now I am collecting Hippeastrums! In addition, he included many new species being discovered in South America, particularly Chile. [42], At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. The two families of bulbs have many similarities, both in looks and in growing habits. Pearce brought back specimens of Hippeastrum leopoldii and Hippeastrum pardinum from the Andes. Johnson's amaryllis is another name for this bulb, in honor of the hybridizer and English watchmaker, Mr. Johnson. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. Overview . Home propagation is best performed by using offset bulbils. The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. had described c. 1781-3 (unpublished)[40] but soon after appearing in the Hortus Kewensis of 1789. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. Espesye sa tanom nga asparagos nga una nga gihulagway ni Carl von Linné, ug nga gihatagan sa eksakto nga ngalan ni [[Herb ang Hippeastrum reginae. [66][verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds. [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Many are found in underbrush, while others prefer full sun. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Hybrids include Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii'. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. [103], Genus of flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, This article is about a genus of South American bulbs whose cultivars are commonly sold as, (Monogr. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Note too, that Hippeastrum can also be grown in the ground in temperate areas. Crossing these two species with the best of the Reginae strain produced a lineage of very large open flowered specimens, with up to 4-6 flowers on each scape. If the latter, the correct name for the genus Hippeastrum would then be Amaryllis and a new name would need to be found for the South African genus. Syst. Flowers are available in singles, doubles and miniatures. They generally have large fleshy bulbs and tall broad leaves, generally evergreen, and large red or purple flowers. [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. [64], Species are generally diploid with 2n=22 chromosomes, but some species, such as Hippeastrum iguazuanum, have 24. 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan Wetland Status. fil.) [31] Which species this was is not known precisely. fil.) The genus has been intensely bred and cultivated since the early nineteenth century to produce large colourful showy flowers. 0. Amaryllis reginae L. Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy ... Hippeastrum reginae : Source: Tropicos, 2007 - 2010, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 Redouté. [80][70][81][82] Many new hybrid lines followed as new species were sent to Europe from South America, the most important of which were Reginae and Leopoldii. He states; "I have named [them] Hippeastrum or Knights-star-lily, pursuing the idea which gave rise to the name Equestris" (p.12).[29]. [56] Baker both reduced the original number of species of Herbert, but also enlarged the genus by adding in other genera such as Habranthus, Phycella, Rhodophiala and Rhodolirion (also called Rhodolirium, and subsequently moved to Rhodophilia),[57] which he included as separate sections of Hippeastrum. However, in 1795 William Curtis, described Amaryllis equestris or the Barbados lily in his Botanical Magazine, referring to Aiton: "The spatha is composed of two leaves, which standing up at a certain period of the plant's flowering like ears, give to the whole flower a fancied resemblance of a horse's head; whether LINNÆUS derived his name of equestris from this circumstance or not, he does not condescend to inform us."[32]. also has detailed information on botanic features such as leaf and flower and fruit with glossaries describing the terms. It has been crossed with both cybister and single flower cultivars to produce hybrids with unusual striping.[90][91]. Ang mga gi basihan niini. Mga kasarigan. In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. Mexican Lily (Hippeastrum reginae) in the Amaryllis Database - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails Unplaced names include Hippeastrum ugentii,[62] considered in the Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families as probably a Crinum. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. Hippeastrum reginae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Hortus Camdenensis | Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, often sold as indoor flowering bulbs particularly at Christmas in the northern hemisphere. They require warmth, frequent watering, and should not be given a dormant period. Plenty of bright indirect light will keep the Strelitzia reginae happy with plenty of blooms. These are light, and easily carried on the surface of water ensuring distribution of the species during the rainy season. [30][37] "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. Many bulbs referred to as amaryllis are actually in the Hippeastrum family. [100][101][102] The widely used logo represents a double image of a head and shoulders as the flower of a growing and vibrant plant. In order to preserve the widespread usage of both Hippeastrum and Leopoldia, Fabio Garbari and Werner Greuter proposed in 1970 that Herbert's Hippeastrum and Parlatore's Leopoldia should be conserved and Herbert's Leopoldia rejected. [70], Twin scales [63] Hippeastrum is found in a wide range of habitats. One mechanism that limits self-pollination is that of self-incompatibility by which seeds are only produced by pollination from other plants. [70], Of the commercially available Hippeastrum species, sometimes sold as 'exotic' amaryllis, Hippeastrum cybister has extremely thin petals often described as spider-like. 1802-1815), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum_reginae&oldid=991189980, Articles with empty sections from April 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:30.
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