Chemical control is the most effective method for controlling autumn olive. Health Benefits of Autumn Olive Autumn Olive is loaded with vitamins and minerals including sugars, proteins, Vitamins A, C, and E, flavanoids, and others. Thoughts? Health benefits of the autumn olive. A simple abundant fruit, such as autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata berries just don’t have much chance for fame. Autumn Olive has a high fatty acid content which is not common in fruits. In some Eastern and Midwestern states Autumn Olive has acquired a reputation of being a potentially invasive plant. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Autumn Olive. I've made the correction in the post, and will try and figure out how I made the original error. Autumn olive benefits the land. Also note that the berries turn from tan to red and ripen in fall. It is a great food for wildlife, and people, but it produces so much fruit that birds carry the seeds all over the central and eastern part of the country, and it grows so dense and in so many soil types that is shades out native species. The autumn olive bush produces little fruits, or berries, each one containing a seed. But the ethical action then is to remove and safely discard the seeds and don't contribute to the spread of the plant in any way. Seriously. Certainly a partial solution is to eat as many berries as possible, don’t replant it, and let it help you to be healthier. Coolariffic! These fruits are super-powered sources of lycopene which helps keep the old prostate healthy, and is a potent anti-oxidant. Autumn olive propagates primarily by seeds but can sprout vegetatively, so mowing or cutting can cause a … The fruit must be fully ripe before it can be enjoyed raw, if even slightly under-ripe it will be quite astringent. I also appreciate the comments emphasizing how invasive autumn olive is. It was painfully obvious that Autumn Olive is a big problem getting worse on this bit of land. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Biology. Impressive. Autumn Olive is a deciduous shrub that can grow quite tall. The autumn olive tree is a member of the Oleaster family of plants, and is native to Asia including the Himalayan region, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, northern China and Japan. At Sugar Creek Farm, where we took a class last spring, farmer Joe Allawos has experimented with the benefits of the nitrogen fixing capacity of autumn olive trees by planting fruit and nut trees next to autumn olive trees, and at the same time planting the same variety of tree in a spot away from any autumn olive trees. It’s one of the first plants to start shading out grass in places where trees have been cleared and the open land is changing back into forest. The berries will persist through the winter, although you will have stiff competition from a whole variety of birds and hungry animals. The most common fact you will read about autumn olive is that it contains 5 to 15 times more antioxidant lycopene than in tomatoes. expensive tools!) The only part of the plant known to be edible is the red berries. Many times people are unaware of the medicinal uses of any plant. Thank you for your support Dee Dee. A colleague did the analysis on what sounds like a combination of observation, a guess and a whim. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop In: J. Maas (Ed. Well written and important material - keep it up. The fruit freezes well, although it is a bit mushier when thawed. It grows in a range of habitats, including forest edges, savannas, pastures, and prairies. But besides lycopene autumn berries is also a source of vitamin C (around 28mg/100g), as well as other vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. Autumn Olive is a great fall foraging plant. LIKED YOUR ARTICLE ON AUTUMN OLIVE, I AM DOING A PROJECT ON INVASIVE SPECIES FOR MY ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE CLASS. This reduces the diversity of plant and insect species that wildlife needs to flourish. Not only is the fruit abundant and easy to find, the tree is an invasive species that is being actively removed from our landscape. They sometimes grow extremely abundantly. The first is that the leaves have a distinctly lighter colored underside. Pre-registration is suggested, but not required. The berries are ripe now. Here is another plant in my series on Nutraceuticals meaning the combination of "nutrition" and "pharmaceutical". Like other invasive s… Your email address will not be published. Reinforcement like yours goes a long way. Autumn berries, also known as the autumn olive, are the small red fruit of the autumn olive tree (Elaeagnus umbellata), which was imported from Asia to North America as an ornamental tree in the 1830s. AUTUMN OLIVE: MEDICINAL BENEFITS AND USES OF AUTUMN OLIVE AUTUMN OLIVE, ELAEAGNUS UMBELLATA. If we rely on marketers to point out what is of value, we’ll miss much of the natural world and its intrinsic benefits. Olive leaves tea is … It served as wildlife cover and food, windbreaks, highway barriers and soil stabilizers. Consumers are used to spending money on what is promoted, while this free and abundant treasure goes almost unnoticed. There is great value in many of the wild (and escaped) plants around us. Removing the seeds from production is a service. The lycopene content in Autumn olive is even higher than that of tomatoes. Autumn olive jam is my favorite recipe, as it mellows out any lingering astringency and tartness and makes a gorgeous bright pink jam. Eat it out of hand, keep in mind that each seed in the berry can grow a whole new invasive plant. Like many other wild edibles it also is being studied as a treatment to halt or reverse the progress of cancer. More, and more frequent articles would be excellent. A few years ago I contacted a researcher who was working with Autumn Olive for food uses to see if there were any concerns about eating the seeds. Not only is the fruit abundant and easy to find, the tree is an invasive species that is being actively removed from our landscape. Sorry for the delay in response. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States.Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. And let’s fight it in ways that make sense. Elaeagnus umbellata is known as Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster, autumn olive, autumn elaeagnus, or spreading oleaster. Here is a plant that is both a treasure and a bane. Numerous techniques exist for applying herbicides. Autumn olive is a shrub that can grow up to 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Autumn Olive has a high fatty acid content which is not common in fruits. List of various diseases cured by Autumn Olive. A website covering research for prostate cancer notes ”The berries also contain high levels of vitamins A, C and E, and flavonoids and essential fatty acids.". Elaeagnus umbellata usually grows as a shrub with a widely spreading crown. The lycopene content of autumn olive fruit averages about 40 to 50 mg/100g, compared to 3 mg/100g for fresh raw tomato. Your email address will not be published. Before it was labeled a noxious weed, autumn olive was often described as “fragrant” in flower, and as “stunning” in fall, with its bright red berries against its silvery foliage. “The red berries of autumn olive have a high carotenoid content,” writes Fordham, “and particularly high levels of lycopene (30-70 mg/100g). 626, pp. Autumn olive is a shrub or small tree that has distinctively silvery leaves. Autumn Olives, aka Autumn Berries, are a small sweet tart round red berry that grows on deciduous trees. feel free to email me anytime at eattheplanet.org@gmail.com. Upcoming classes include a FREE introduction to medicinal plants and foraging this Thursday from 7-9:30 p.m. at Crazy Wisdom Bookstore, sponsored by The People’s Food Co-op. A horticulturist with the USDA Research Service tried them for personal use, and noted the red pigment. enabling more people to just eat what is there is a simple connection to nature. We can become the natural predator. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy, © 2013 MLive Media Group All rights reserved (About Us). While I was able to eat handfuls of the berries, the number of trees has been increasing rapidly and taking over some of the areas intended for native grass. It could grow in poor soils in full sun to partial shade. Autumn olive is well established across the Mid-Atlantic due to its extensive intentional planting to provide wildlife food and revegetate mine spoils in the mid-1900s. They contain an estimated 18 times more lycopene than tomatoes , an antioxidant celebrated for its anti-cancer benefits and role in prostate health. They are best used for recipes like pie. You can use this federal website for a full description. The fields are full of this (mostly) escaped silvery leaved shrub. We also saw evidence of a buck ripping up branches of the Autumn Olive. And if they were to become more known for their food value, it would help to contain them somewhat. Required fields are marked *, Autumn Olive, A Common Invasive Edible Fruit. Autumn olive trees are nitrogen fixers. Same with garlic mustard. We've grown Autumn Olive for 30 years and in all that time have observed two volunteer plants. Read our article focusing on autumn olive for more information. Considered an invasive, it is also a contributor this time of year with its tasty, colorful, nutrient rich berries. It was introduced in the 1930s and promoted in the 1950s as a great food for wildlife. Autumn Olive’s abundant fruit production, ability to propagate in many soil types, and avian seed dispersal allowed the plant to grow so densely that is shaded out native species. The ripe berries are very tart and sweet. Lycopene has powerful antioxidant properties, making it of interest for nutraceutical use.” The berries also contain high levels of vitamins A, C and E, and flavonoids and essential fatty acids. But, the cut stump … Autumn olive is a great edible wild berry for jam, because it’s nice and tart. And also because the boiling process kills the seeds, preventing propagation of this invasive plant. Among the health benefits of olive leaves tea, you should also aware of its possible side effect. Autumn olives are fast collecting fans for the fruit's sweet-tart taste and potential health benefits, even as the plant is frowned upon throughout the Northeast as a habitat-killer. Health Benefits of Autumn Olive. This fall try to notice the abundant red berries, and year after year you will have a great supply of Autumn Olives for pies, jam, and fruit leather. ), XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century (Acta Horticulturae No. It is a very healthy fruit to consume. It's interesting that the berries have very good nutritional properties. While this shrub does produce huge amounts of berries eaten by birds and mammals and can thrive on reclaimed mine sites, where pH extremes and high levels of toxic heavy metals are common, these positives do not outweigh the negatives associated with this shrub’s ability to invade and take over natural areas. Its form is rounded, with dense branches. However, even though it provides benefits the commercial growth/distribution and in turn the spread to native lands severely compromises native ecosystems. What is the Autumn olive tree? They make very good preserves like autumn olive fruit leather and jam. Perhaps it could be cultivated in a controlled way to harvest the berries. The fruit contains about 8.3% sugars, 4.5% protein, 1% ash. Instead of continually fighting a useless war against it, let’s embrace the benefits that this plant has to offer. Conservation districts saw the benefits of autumn olive. Autumn olive is very high in lycopene, a carotenoid with many potential health benefits. There are 2 key ID features to look for. Mugwort, an Age-Old Herb that Uncovers Our Herbal History, Common Reed (Phragmites), an Age Old Sweet Treat, Wild Parsnip, Flagrant Foilage but a Tasty Taproot, Eastern Prickly Pear, Hardy Spines Hiding a Sweet Treat, Evening Primrose, a Nutritious and Medicinal Garden Favorite, Waterlily, a Decorative and Nutritious Wild Edible, Yellow Pond Lily, Cheerful Blooms and Popcorn like Snacks, American Lotus, Fun to Forage and Highly Nutritious, Watercress, a Peppery Wild Edible with Informed Foraging, Mulberry, Wild Sweet Fruits and Favored in the Silk Industry, Chamomile: Just a tinge brightens up your day. This federal Website for a full description lycopene than tomatoes fruit must fully! Invasive species for my ENVIRONMENTAL Science CLASS with the USDA Research Service tried them for use. About 40 to 50 mg/100g, compared to 3 mg/100g for fresh raw tomato have... Obvious that autumn olive, I think there is great value in many of the (! 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