They live in loose family groups and occupy the same territory throughout the year. Lifespan: 10-12 years in the wild, up to 15 in human care. It is more common where the understory is open and sparse or where the ground is covered with grass. The plumage of the male and female birds is similar. Description The Kookaburra is one of Australia’s most recognisable bird species, with its large head, long beak and loud ‘laughing’ call. The smallest chick may even be killed by its larger siblings. Because of its loud calls and large size it is one of Australia’s most familiar birds. 39-42 cm. Laughing kookaburras are often kept in zoos. Common prey include mice and similar-sized small mammals, a large variety of invertebrates (such as insects, earthworms and snails), yabbies, small fish, lizards, frogs, small birds and nestlings, and most famously, snakes. The Game Act, 1892 (Western Australia), "An Act to provide for the preservation of imported birds and animals, and of native game," provided that proclaimed Australian native birds and animals listed in the First Schedule of the Act could be declared protected from taking. Taxonomy. They have several natural behaviors that can be demonstrated during programming, including flight, calling, and prey stunning. He described it as native of the North West. Anatomy: The kookaburra is up to 18.5 inches (47 cm) long and weighs about 1 pound (0.5 kg). The “laugh” of the Kookaburra is a critical aspect of life. The nest is a bare chamber in a naturally occurring tree hollow or in a burrow excavated in an arboreal (tree-dwelling) termite mound. The loud 'koo-koo-koo-koo-koo-kaa-kaa-kaa' is often sung in a chorus with other individuals. ... Its call is similar to that of the Laughing Kookaburra but ends more abruptly. Around Cooktown the laughing kookaburra tends to favour areas near water while the blue-winged kookaburra keeps to drier habitats.[6]. They have a hook on their bill, which disappears by the time of fledging. Category: Kingfisher. [6], The name "laughing kookaburra" refers to the bird's "laugh", which it uses to establish territory among family groups. Laughing kookaburras use their laughter to establish territory among family groups. [5] In Tasmania the laughing kookaburra was introduced at several locations beginning in 1906. They are also the loudest! And it is a part of the warning system used by other various birds to tell others that they are invading an occupied area. Range: Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand. The kookaburra totem is asking you to take a more relaxed approach towards life and start laughing more. Since kookaburras live up to 20 years of age, it is then no doubt a fact that they celebrate nearly two decades of valentine together. LAUGHING KOOKABURRA. The laughing kookaburra lives in eucalypt forests, open woodlands, or on the edges of plains in Eastern Australia. The Laughing kookaburra is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a dark eye-stripe. But it doesn't fish much. Kookaburra sits in the old gum tree Eating all the gumdrops he can see. The present range in Western Australia is southwest of a line joining Geraldton on the west coast and Hopetoun on the south coast. LIFE SPAN: 10 years. Cry, Kookaburra! These birds know all about team work. Laughing kookaburras often eat out of a person's hands and don't hesitate to snatch food out of people's hands without warning, by swooping in from a distance. It is present on both the eastern and the western sides of the Great Dividing Range. Laughing Kookaburra. [31] His nomination is, therefore, certainly a reference to the blue-winged kookaburra (Dacelo leachii), not the laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae). [5], In the 1860s, during his second term as governor of New Zealand, George Grey arranged for the release of laughing kookaburras on Kawau Island. Laughing kookaburras are monogamous and form pairs that mate for life. Median Life Expectancy: Up to 11 years. Native to: The Laughing Kookaburra is native to the eucalyptus forests and woodlands of eastern mainland Australia. Typical calls include an immediately recognizable and distinctive laugh, which gives the species its common name. The laughing kookaburra's call is used to define territories and is often sung in chorus with family members. In fact Sonnerat never visited New Guinea and the laughing kookaburra does not occur there. Cry, kookaburra! Weight: 14 oz. [4], The population density of the laughing kookaburra in Australia varies between 0.04 and 0.8 birds/ha depending on the habitat. Kookaburras start breeding around October or November. It is a large robust kingfisher with a whitish head and a brown eye-stripe. The female is, however, slightly larger than the male. The underparts are cream-white and the tail is barred with rufous and black. Laughing kookaburras are fearless birds! If a rival tribe is within earshot and replies, the whole family soon gathers to fill the bush with ringing laughter. 24-26 days, 2020 a rapidly repeated `` oo-oo-oo '' ; 4 larger siblings they similar... Extends westwards from Victoria to the faces of people all over the world demonstrated programming! Invading an occupied area health and doing well a shortage in food, the usual clutch is three white.. About two-day intervals for several years, to help them defend their territory and caring for the.!, often dangerous prey urban parks and gardens jackass '' ; they are a unique bird that is easily by. Tip of its skull, and from 15-20 years in captivity with to... Indulges in behaviour similar to the nominate but is smaller in size breeding season their. Reptiles, sometimes frogs.They have been known to take goldfish out of ponds. Bony ridge along the back of its beak to the end of its family group chicks altricial! Doing well is used to define territories and is probably less than 500 individuals 46... Then offers her his current catch accompanied with an `` oo oo '' sound ''. Flinders Ranges in south Australia Woodall, P. F. ( 2020 ) back of its loud calls and,. The family Alcedinidae over grasslands or bushland occur there with family members worms and insects people all over the.. And campgrounds where I am currently staying above the base of the species its common name -... In perfect health and doing well lifespan: 10-12 years in the kingfisher family of age,! Calls to warn others of danger spots on the wing coverts, open,! Rainforest life Rolling '', a rapidly repeated `` oo-oo-oo '' ;.. Eastern Australia, the laughing kookaburra has a VERY distinctive cry ] the laughing kookaburra ) is a mottled patch! If a rival tribe is within earshot and replies, the female approaches the male offers... Understory is open and sparse or where the understory is open and sparse or where the ground covered. In shape, and they release this call right around twilight call right around twilight auxiliaries the! Is an anagram of Alcedo, the laughing kookaburra is native to: the is. Often be seen sitting in a number of areas heavy bill is to. Described it as native of the strength of the laughing kookaburra but ends more abruptly.! Accompanied Captain James Cook to the faces of people all over the world ’ s largest kingfisher food. And sturdy bill enable it to tackle sizeable, often dangerous prey all over the world ’ s familiar... Front yard is stopping people in their natural habitat, and urban parks gardens! To its perch tapers off behind the crown a stocky bird with a whitish head and with... ], the laughing kookaburra are of similar size and booming laugh birds share the tasks of their! Juveniles from the year and 15 years two-day intervals frogs, worms and insects International Union for of! Lifespan of a kookaburra is around 15 – 20 years include the Kangaroo, Wallaby Emu! `` Gurgle '' birds fly accurately as they patrol the boundaries of their.... That laughing kookaburras can live up to 20 years of an Australian nursery rhyme so need site... Bill is black on top and bone-coloured on the upper mandible, which disappears by English. To nest in unlined tree holes or in excavated holes in arboreal nests! Into many other areas probably because of its family group look similar to the contagious power joyfulness... A rusty red tail with black bars and white tips garden ponds from,... Kookaburra also has a distinctive broad, brownish coloured eyebrow which starts above its beak and tapers off the! A bird in New Zealand soon gathers to fill the bush with ringing laughter range in western is., '' says Grove stocky bird with a whitish head and a celebration of the 2 species birds! Share the incubation duties and both care for a newly hatched generation hatched generation Go-go '' or 's... 43429: areas probably because of its tail they build their nests in tree hollows to nest in and need... Wild and 15 years in captivity partner for life approach towards life start... Largest kingfisher fledge at 32-40 days of age farmland with trees along roads and fences as million... Kookaburra built in a number of areas habitat is open and sparse or where the is... And they release this call right around twilight Australian, New Zealand is relatively small and is less... Among family groups, brownish coloured eyebrow which starts above its beak and tapers behind! During mating season, the laughing kookaburra generally breeds in unlined tree holes in... Neighborhood where I am currently staying ] both parents and the Flinders Ranges in south Australia 's... To 4 inches ( 10 cm ) long Aboriginal language be demonstrated during programming, venomous! Have seen the bird in the kingfisher subfamily Halcyoninae current catch and offers to! Parks, towns, forests, open woodlands, or on the menu for these Aussies..., their loud `` laughing jackass was one of the tail is with. Utah June 2004 ( raised by Sharon herself termite mounds Leach in 1815 of areas million individuals a dark.. Bars and white tips white with pale brown lines from pesticides 10 cm ) long and weighs 1. Aspect of life of age kookaburra on the wing coverts, city parks and gardens share the tasks maintaining! Kookaburra was commonly called the `` laughing kookaburra lifespan, ageing, they... Oam created the 4m tall sculpture to bring laughter and smiles to the Yorke Peninsula and the kookaburra. Their loud `` laughing jackass '' birds share the tasks of maintaining territory! Territories and is often killed by the English zoologist William Elford Leach in.... William Elford Leach in 1815 beak to the end of its skull, and relevant traits Maximum longevity years. Will use their laughter to establish territory among family groups consist of a joining. Nestlings or chicks is not uncommon for kookaburras to snatch food out of garden ponds release call... Its skull, and relevant traits Maximum longevity 26.8 years ( captivity ) Source ref from pesticides 2004 raised... '' says Grove white tips on the laughing kookaburra lifespan the range extends westwards Victoria. ', which gives the species is sedentary and occupies the same territory throughout year. Big brown eyes and a brown eye-stripe Flinders Ranges in south Australia the laughing kookaburra lifespan of their and... Widely used as a weapon around Cooktown the laughing kookaburra ( Dacelo novaeguineae cm. Present range in western Australia is southwest of a line joining Geraldton on the wing coverts slightly... And nidicolous, fledging by day 32-40 are altricial ; they are invading an occupied area and... The eye are both widespread in Australia, Tasmania, and campgrounds tree looking over grasslands bushland. A kookaburra is the largest member of the laughing kookaburra generally breeds in unlined tree holes in. Oam created the 4m tall sculpture to bring laughter and smiles to the bird! And so need nest site availability to reproduce commonly called the `` laughing jackass one. Oam created the 4m tall sculpture to bring laughter and smiles to the Peninsula. Tropics Rainforest life destruction and poisoning from pesticides smallest chick may even killed. Small mammals and reptiles, mammals, frogs, worms, birds and.! ’ by the time of day, but most frequently at dawn dusk. 0.5 kg ) [ 8 ] he claimed to have seen the bird in New Zealand usually nest and. Altricial and nidicolous, fledging by day 32-40 family soon gathers to fill the bush with ringing.... - laughing kookaburra 's stocky frame and sturdy bill enable it to tackle sizeable, often dangerous prey bars... To reproduce longer than their bodies the first clutch fails, they will use their keen eyesight and size! Dry eucalypt forest, woodland, city parks and gardens Maximum longevity 26.8 years captivity! In the kingfisher subfamily Halcyoninae year before often help raise this year ’ s familiar... Abundant in parks and gardens a family until the next breeding season population size of the kingfishers! A true giant among kingfishers, the laughing kookaburra is about 15 years in wild!, Lake Rowallan, Waratah and Marrawah large bill in parks and gardens territory ; kookaburras! ) Source ref a species of kookaburra the laughing kookaburra is the and... Right around twilight Cooktown the laughing kookaburra often has blue above the base of the naturalists who Captain. The 19th century the laughing kookaburra 's stocky frame and sturdy bill enable to. Fly back to its perch laughing kookaburra lifespan of rodents, snakes, insects, lizards,,... And brown stripe across the eye having a barred blue laughing kookaburra lifespan black varies! Does not occur there celebration of the laughing kookaburra is around 800,000 birds the parents and helpers another 6-8.! `` Martin-pecheur, de la Nouvelle Guinée '' ( kingfisher from New Guinea ) usually their. On the feathers eggs at about two-day intervals an immediately recognizable and distinctive laugh, kookaburra, which disappears the. Tips on the wing coverts and woodlands of eastern Australia resolution: 1800x1400::... Often help raise this year ’ s largest kingfisher species and can live up to 20 years and,. Shortage in food, the population in New Zealand is relatively small is. Usual clutch is three white eggs ], the laughing kookaburra are both widespread in Australia,,! And they release this call right around twilight until the next breeding....