As Gardening Know How describes, cut the roots beneath the trench by inserting a sharp garden spade into the earth, severing the roots. Wondering what time of year is best for transferring trees? Oak trees are one type of tree that does very well with late winter transplanting. Twenty of the trees' whirligigs have grown to 6-8" tall. This means more digging prior to transplanting. Preparing the tree in advance and re-planting it correctly will make it easier for the tree to thrive in its new location. If the tree is planted too deeply, it will suffocate. The best time to move a maple tree is when it is dormant in the fall so that it can be transplanted bare-root and before the ground freezes. Dig the new planting hole 50 percent wider than the root system and deep enough so that the root collar (where the roots meet the trunk) is no deeper than 1 inch below the surface when the tree is planted. As the saying goes, "The best time to plant a tree was twenty years ago. Take the tree to the new planting hole immediately. These conditions set you up for an easy transition. Leave the large trees until spring, and get a professional to do the moving. Dig a trench around the maple sapling in late winter or early spring – before new bud growth has appeared on the tree. If it is a hot, sunny day however, it is best to wait until the early evening hours once the sun has begun setting. While there’s a general time to uproot during the year, the best time is determined by your tree species. Do not mix fertilizer with the soil used to fill the planting hole. Plant trees and shrubs early enough in the fall for the plant to develop a good root system. Choose a new site where the maple tree will get full sun to partial shade exposure. Hardy gardeners suit up for the weather and head out to wrestle with trees and shrubs that need transplanting this time of year. how deep of whole do you need for the ball of the roots. How to Transplant Maple Trees. How long will it take to get the tree seedlings large enough to plant in my yard? The ground is still warm from summer and will be warm for a while. ... Is the best time if any right now. This is perfect for root establishment which is just what you want. Gently lower the root ball into the hole, orienting it with the marked side facing north. Successfully transplanting a Japanese maple trees is based on a several factors. Water the tree thoroughly after planting. Adjust mound height until the horizontal chalk line on the north-facing side of the tree is about 1 inch above the surrounding soil. When and how do you go about transplanting a Japanese maple tree? The garden spade you use to root prune should be very sharp, so that the cuts heal more quickly; use caution when handling a sharp blade. How will I know when to move them to next larger pots, or can I jump to much larger all at once? Build up a 3- to 6-inch high mound of subsoil in the bottom of the hole, so that the middle of the hole is higher than the edges (this is where the tree will sit). The Clemson Cooperative Extension recommends irrigating the soil daily for the first month, then continue watering based on the conditions in your area, making sure that the tree's root ball does not dry out or become overly saturated – check the dryness of the soil regularly and water accordingly. wrap root ball of tree in burlap to hold intact. There tends to be more rain in the fall so the tree will get plenty of water. Push the topsoil into the hole and firm it lightly by hand. Draw a short, horizontal line on the north side of the trunk at the soil line with chalk. Â© Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. From late winter to early spring is when maple trees are tapped to collect the maple sap which is then boiled down into syrup. Cut the lower roots at a length of 13 to 15 inches. Spread the roots out so they fit loosely in the hole around the mound; the roots should not be tangled, arranged in a circle or all going in one direction inside the hole. Soil temperatures should be well above 55 F at a depth of six inches at planting time. I was informed by my local nursery to wait for a 2-3 day cold snap (frost) before moving the trees. If you succeed in removing the roots still covered with earth, the tree should survive even in the summer. The best time to move a maple tree is when it is dormant in the fall so that it can be transplanted bare-root and before the ground freezes. Work the soil to a depth of about 18 inches, mixing in organic compost. Japanese maples are generally small and delicate, but you may plant this surprisingly hardy tree anytime the soil is … They have the proper equipment and expertise to help ensure a safe move. I live in Maryland, and we have yet to have 2 consecutive days of frost. Only transplant mature trees after the leaves fall in autumn or before bud break in spring. Wrap in Burlap. Mulch can help. Push the subsoil back into the hole around the roots. With more than 100 varieties, the genus includes trees native to the United States like big leaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) as well as ornamentals that grow in Mediterranean climates like Japanese maple (Acer palmatum). They are no longer focusing on above ground growth. For large Japanese … Do not fertilize the new transplant for several years. Leave some dirt on the smaller roots. Water the newly-planted maple generously with 1 to 2 gallons of water. Best Time to Transplant Trees and Shrubs. Evergreens are most successfully transplanted in early spring … Hose the dirt off the roots around the outside of the root mass. If you are planning to transplant trees from the wild, you should know that this is more difficult to have plants survive successfully. Select a spot that meets the sun and soil needs of the particular maple cultivar you are transplanting. One factor to consider, when you are thinking about the best time for transplanting big plants, is whether you will need to root prune. Take into account the mature size of the tree when deciding where to plant. Check out this video for the answer. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Place your root ball in the center of your burlap square. Watering the soil surrounding the tree will also make digging up the tree easier. The tree transplant has the best chance of success if you act during these periods. When planting and transplanting trees and shrubs, it's important to consider the site conditions and the type of tree stock. Set the tree in the new planting hole with the chalk mark facing north. Open and deepen the circle you cut around the maple until you can slide a shovel under the root ball. From Alaska to California, from France's Basque Country to Mexico's Pacific Coast, Teo Spengler has dug the soil, planted seeds and helped trees, flowers and veggies thrive. If you have a small tree growing near your house, driveway, or patio, visualize it at full size and decide now if it must one day be moved. Draw a circle on the soil around the tree with a radius of 24 inches. Solved! Early Spring. This practice can lead to root damage. In order to do so, you will want to root prune the tree around 6 months before it is being transplanted, in late winter or early spring, according to the Clemson Cooperative Extension. Plants also require less energy as they begin enter the early stages of dormancy. Root pruning is an important step when transplanting maple saplings, as trees typically send roots well beyond the volume of soil that can be moved. Their height varies from about 3 feet to more than 80 feet tall. Maple trees (Acer spp.) It is November 9th we have had several frosts. Moving and transplanting in the springtime is by far the best time to transplant trees. Size is a critical factor in transplanting. The first step is root pruning. Repeat twice in the first week. Planting a maple tree from a seed will take several years before you see any kind of large tree. On way to work, I pass a row of gorgeous trees in the fall. It is best to transplant in late winter or very early spring just before the tree would naturally start breaking bud. Many trees that grow in sandy soils may have longer tap roots and wider lateral root systems than many landscape plants growing in more clay-based soil. Leave a few inches of space between the mulch and the trunk of the tree. The 3 foot tree will catch up to a 15 foot tree if you transplant them at the same time unless you can get a 4 or 5 foot root ball. You can transplant a young maple successfully if you act with care, but call in professionals for larger specimens. Different plants fare better during different time frames. If a deciduous tree has "helicopter" seeds and lobed, palmate leaves that turn bright colors in the autumn, it is likely a maple (Acer spp.). Determine the size of the trench based on the width of the sapling, which should give you an estimate of the size of the sapling's root ball. The first pruning should be in mid-winter before any warmer weather has even attempted to set in. Even with a 3 foot tree, you are better off if you can get more than a foot diameter of root ball. Lift the tree up out of the hole by the base of the trunk. Early spring (before growth begins) and fall (after leaf drop) are the best times to transplant deciduous trees. Root pruning is one way a gardener can help a shrub or tree make up for lost feeder roots that help supply it with nutrients and water. A 3- to 4-inch layer of organic mulch spread over the tree's root system helps conserve moisture, moderate soil temperature and prevent weeds. In most states dormancy happens around Thanksgiving and that would be a great time to move the tree as long as all of the leaves have fallen from the tree. Click here to find the best months of year to transplant your tree, including your pine, oak, maple or fruit tree. Pour 3 to 5 gallons of water over the soil to settle it back into the trench. This is because of cool temperatures and warm moist soil. Dig the maple's planting hole as deep as its root ball and three times as wide. Generally, maple tree transplant shock can happen, to varying degrees, and it will take some time for the transplanted tree to become re-established. As the University of Minnesota Extension points out, it is best to choose a planting site based on the soil, drainage, and water requirements of the specific maple tree variety you are transplanting. Pruning Japanese maples at the incorrect time can cause major damage or possibly even kill the tree. Absent significant rainfall, deep-water the soil around the maple's roots around twice a month. There are a number of reasons you might want to transplant a Japanese maple. World traveler, professional writer and consummate gardener, Spengler earned a BA from U.C. Don't hesitate to plant a Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) if your climate can support it. "Moving large trees is not the problem. Burlap Your Root Ball. Use the remaining soil to construct a a basin around the trunk to hold water for the tree. Fill the hole with the extracted soil to the same level on the trunk of the maple as in its prior location. Root-prune the maple while it is dormant, several months before you transplant it. Wrap the root ball in burlap to hold it … Drip water slowly into the basin, refilling as it seeps through until water is left standing on the surface. While most trees are supposed to be pruned earlier in the year, that is when the maple tree is pumping sap. Transplanting a maple tree will give you much quicker results. Clear the planting area of all vegetation. Especially one that is already mature and 10 to 20 feet tall. The second-best time is now." Dig the trench 14 to 16 inches deep. This pruning of long roots also encourages formation of shorter roots that can be transplanted with the tree. The example we use here is a 3 year old Autumn Blaze Maple tree. When is the best time to transplant the tree… According to the Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute, maple tree varieties, such as red maple, sugar maple, and red sunset red maple, generally grow 2 to 3 feet per year and are hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 to 9, depending on the variety. Best Time To Trim Maple Trees. To do so, measure the width of the sapling 6 inches above the soil line (use chalk to mark the 6-inch line). Put the topsoil and subsoil in separate piles near the tree. University of California Cooperative Extension Napa Valley: Transplanting Trees and Shrubs, Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Trident Maple, Fine Gardening: Enchanting Japanese Maples, North Dakota State University Extension Service: Transplanting Trees and Shrubs, Oak Woodland Conservation Workgroup: Frequently Asked Questions, How to Transplant Japanese Lace Leaf Maple in the Fall. Return to the maple and mark the north side of its trunk with a small piece of rope or ribbon. Transport the maple to its new planting location by pushing the wheelbarrow or dragging the tarp. Spread it 2 to 3 inches deep over an area extending to at least 2 feet away from the trunk. Do not allow the roots to dry out. Check the tree several times while filling the hole to make sure it is vertically straight. Keep mulch about 6 inches away from the tree trunk. Maple trees are recognizable for their brilliantly-colored fall foliage, which naturally appears in shades of bright red or yellow. The tree is about 12ft tall maybe 4-6 in dia. The larger a tree, the more difficult it is to transplant. The best time to plant or transplant a tree is in the fall. The Best Time to Plant a Tree Pinpoint the best time of year to get a tree in the ground—and give that tree-to-be its best chance at thriving for years to come. They're in 2-1/2" pots. Early February is best in most states; January in southern states’ zones 7-10. Most have heard of Maple Syrup. “The best time to transplant a tree is when it’s dormant and the ground conditions are ‘just right,’” says Rick Hanshaw, manager of the Davey Nursery in Wooster, Ohio. If a deciduous tree has "helicopter" seeds and lobed, palmate leaves that turn bright colors in the autumn, it is likely a maple (Acer spp.). How big would you want to make the ball for the roots. In some cases, your existing Japanese maple might have outgrown its location or not be growing in an ideal location. How to Transplant a Brandywine Maple Tree, Transplanting Established Trees and Shrubs, Moving Mature Trees: When and How to Transplant a Large Tree, Planting and Transplanting Trees and Shrubs, How to Transplant and Care for a Serbian Spruce. TRANSPLANTING TREES AND SHRUBS Dr. Leonard Perry, Extension Professor University of Vermont If you need to move a tree or shrub in the landscape, early spring before buds begin to swell is an ideal time. For example, evergreen and pine trees do best in early fall, oak trees in early spring, maple trees in late fall, and fruit trees in early spring, right before growth season. I would love a couple of them in my yard. This will encourage the tree to form new roots within the trench that will hopefully travel with it when it is transplanted. Autumn is a preferred time of the year as the skies start to become overcast, and the weather begins to cool down. The best time for transplanting is when plants begin their dormancy. Press a spade into the ground on the circle circumference, making a vertical cut about 10 inches deep. The best time of the year to transplant trees and plants is autumn. I would think now the trees are starting to pull the sap into the roots. Remember almost half the tree is underground in the form of roots. Mulch the maple tree root zone with shredded pine bark or wood chips. As a shade tree, maples perform well thanks to a spreading, deciduous canopy of green leaves. Maple tree roots should never be allowed to dry out during the transplant process or the tree can sustain damage. This video provides basic step by step instructions on how to plant a Maple tree. Pour a few gallons of water into the planting hole, and allow it to seep into the earth. Select the planting site and prepare the planting hole before you do any further digging on the maple. Lift the tree with root ball intact onto a tarp or wheelbarrow. are easy to transplant successfully, especially when they are only three years old, 6 to 10 feet tall and can still be transplanted bare-root. Learn how to transplant a large tree before you start digging. Remove all grass and weeds under the tree canopy. Most maples like some sun and moist, well-draining soil. Plan to Transplant Pine, Oak, Maple or Fruit Trees When Dormant Just like pruning, the best time of year to transplant a tree is when it’s dormant in spring or fall. What would be the right way to transplant this tree to another area of the yard. In North America, there are 13 native species of maple trees that flourish in the wild. Dig the soil out of the trench. Keep weeds from competing with your maple. Trees may have been planted too thickly or threaten to out-grow available space. Again put the toil soil and subsoil in different piles. From that time on, water when the soil is dry 3 to 4 inches below the surface. Late Winter. Trees with long vertical tap roots, like walnut, pecan and some oaks and pines are difficult to transplant. If you are going to move a tree in the late winter, make sure that you move it late enough that the ground is no longer frozen. You can always spade right now around each tree (creating the rootball you can handle), this way you are doing the first initial shock while the tree is still in place. The most common is when you want to establish a new tree from nursery stock outdoors. Moving large trees and having them survive after the transplant is the problem," according to the University of California's Oak Woodland Conservation Workgroup. There is a good chance you will cut some roots when it comes time to move them. Consider sites that are also protected from the wind. Occasionally the need arises to move trees within the home landscape. I recommend pruning Japanese maple trees twice a year. This will help you plant the tree with the same orientation at the new site. Water the root ball thoroughly, and take care that the roots are not exposed to direct sun during the move. And … How to Transplant a Large Tree. Loosen the roots by moving the shovel back and forth. Shovel the dirt back into the trench – the subsoil first, followed by the topsoil. Settle the subsoil with 1/2 to 1 gallon of water. What Is Wrong if I Have a Maple Tree That Is Getting Brown Leaves? You are better off planting small trees. Santa Cruz, a law degree from Berkeley's Boalt Hall, and an MA and MFA from San Francisco State. Dig the hole at the new planting site in late fall or early winter, before the ground freezes completely and after the tree drops its foliage. She currently divides her life between San Francisco and southwestern France. After planting, take care of the new tree or shrub by watering, mulching, fertilizing, pruning, staking and exercising winter care. There are recommended trees for each region of Minnesota that will perform well in their specific environment. You landscaping, which is anchored by a maple tree, will make a powerful statement as people first see your yard. Move the spade and repeat until the entire circle circumference is cut to 10 inches deep. November25,1998 I have about 6 maple saplings that I would like to transplant to other areas of my yard. But as a landscaping tree, maple requires a little extra care and attention.